Stress 



Axial loading 
Bending 
Shear 

Tensile 


Direct 

Compression 

Tensional 



Combined Stress 

Combined Stress 




Combined Stress 

Maximum Normal Stress 


Minimum Normal Stress 


Maximum Shear Stress 
= 

The Principle Angle 

· The plane of maximum shear stress will be 45^{o} away from the principle plane.